Three Berkshire Communities Could Benefit as 'Opportunity Zones'
BOSTON — The Berkshires' three largest communities — the cities of North Adams and Pittsfield, and the town of Adams — are in the pipeline to become federally designated Opportunity Zones.
Gov. Charlie Baker submitted the state's Opportunity Zone designations to the U.S. Treasury Department this week to encourage long-term investment in eligible Massachusetts communities. Created as part of the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, the Opportunity Zone program presents an opportunity for private, tax-free investment into areas of economic need, benefiting both residents living in the zones and private investors.
"The opportunity zone program helps leverage private investment in Massachusetts cities and towns and can be a catalyst for job creation and economic activity," said Baker in a statement. "I look forward to working with our congressional delegation and local officials to support these new economic development opportunities across the Commonwealth."
The Opportunity Zone program provides a federal tax incentive for taxpayers who reinvest unrealized capital gains into "Opportunity Funds," which are specialized vehicles dedicated to investing in low-income areas called "Opportunity Zones."
The zones themselves are to be comprised of low-income community Census tracts and designated by governors in every state.
Of Massachusetts' 1,478 census tracts, 581 tracts were determined by the U.S. Department of Treasury to be eligible to be considered for Opportunity Zone designation. Governor Baker recommended 138 Opportunity Zones, the maximum number for Massachusetts.
The administration engaged municipal leaders and other key stakeholders in the communities with eligible tracts in the development of the state designation process, opening the application process on March 9.
Of the 138 designated tracts submitted for federal approval, 32 tracts are located in the 10 communities with the lowest median family income (MFI) in the state. Forty-eight percent of the tracts are from "Gateway Cities," which are municipalities with a population between 35,000 and 250,000, with median household income and rate of educational attainment of bachelor's degree or greater below the state average. Rural communities were encouraged to participate as well, and they make up 18 percent of the communities with designated tracts.
Applicant municipalities explained why their nominated tracts offer attractive investment opportunities, what level of planning they had already completed, and key demographic data such as median family income, unemployment, and poverty rates – both in the nominated tract and in the wider community.
The U.S. Treasury has committed to responding to state submissions within 30 days.
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